PRESENTATION PROGRESSTION

I used powerpoint to make my movie and then I used GarageBand to add a sound track to my move. I am yet to make a voice over. The script is here below this print screen of my movie.

SCRIPT:

The 40s is a decade that stands out for me. World war two was a life-changing event of the 20th century.

Rationing was introduced during immediate war by the UK government at the start of World War II, which was in 1939. After registering to a local groceries store, every individual received a ration booklet containing coupons.

Rationed items included: bacon, butter, sugar meat, tea, jam, breakfast, cereals, cheese, eggs, lard, milk and canned fruits.

Rationing also affected the ability to buy clothes at reasonable prices so women had to find a new way to keep up with the fashion. This was done by either owning a clothing book and exchange coupons that way or to start a  ‘Make do and mend’ regime.

Lee miller is my chosen photographer of the 20th century. in the 20s she was a successful glamorous model for vogue magazine. She soon became bored of being a model and was determined to be on the other side of the camera.

The unfolding events of World War II would give her the excitement she has always been yet to discover.

In 1947 she had retired, got married and had her only son Antony Penrose with my chosen painter, Roland Penrose.

Roland Penrose is said to be an English artist, historian and poet, but whilst doing my research it appears that he is well know for his book writing and promoting of art in the United Kingdom.

Looking at Penrose’s work I feel although he was a good surrealist painter, being so close to talent as phenomenal as Picasso, automatically pushes Penrose’s work in the background.

Picasso always draws eyes bright which look a lot like his own.  in this video the passion through his eyes is incredible as he improvises on glass.

World war ii allowed Picasso to portray his work in the same abstract surreal style by showing the war through his eyes.

The way Picasso starts drawing the female body is incredible as his style of art is different. He doesn’t start drawing the head and working his way down the body as most would.

Pablo Picasso at work

Looking at this video below of Picasso painting on glass, I cant see the passion through his eyes. Picasso had big bright eyes which I believe he saw the world in a different light. Picasso always draws eyes bright which look a lot like his and catches my attention. Its also a great way of identifying Picasso’s Work. He was a bull fighting fan from a very young age, witnessing the killing of a bull each time I feel made him see death more as art than something to fear. Picasso had included bull fighting in many of his work, World war ii allowed Picasso to portray his work in the same abstract surreal style by showing the war through his eyes. The image above also has a Bull included I think he uses the bull to symbolise death. The paintings that he drew around world war ii where chaotic in dark tones which shows he adapted his work to the goings on of the world. 

This video clip I find amazing, the way he starts drawing the female body is incredible as his style of art is different. He doesn’t start drawing the head and working his way down the body as most would. He makes the paint brush look as though it is controlling him. I wanted to include this video specifically in my documentary but i seem to be having problems saving the video on my MacBook which is a shame, hopefully i get it together!

Roland Penrose And Pablo Picasso’s relationship

Pablo Picasso was Born in October 25 1881 in Spain, Pablo Picasso became one of the greatest and most iconic surrealist artists of the 20th century and this I why I feel it would only be right to link him to my first chosen painter, Roland Penrose.

Roland penrose is said to be an English artist, historian and poet, but whilst doing my research it appears that he is well know for his book writing and promoting of art in the united kingdom. In 1922 roland penrose moved to france to start his painting carrer during this period was when he became close to the likes of  Wolfgang Paalen , Max Ernst and of course pablo Picasso.

At the Home Guard training centre, Osterley Park roland Picasso was a seinior lecturer of camouflage teacher during world war ii (at the Eastern Command Camouflage School in Norwich, and at the Camouflage Development and Training Centre at Farnham Castle, Surrey). he used his wife lee miller as model for one of his images which was to help visualise different perspectives of camouflage. Roland penrose quoted to one image particular, stating, “if camouflage can hide Lee’s charms, it can hide anything”. I do like the thought behind this quote as lee miller seem characterless and lifeless in this image. it shows that penrose was talented and passionate about his ideas as he was able to take away lee millers charm that she usually delivers through her pictures, in order to achieve the message.

Looking at Penrose’s work I feel although he was a good surrealist painter, being so close to talent as phenomenal as Picasso, automatically pushes Penrose’s work in the background. The books that Roland Penrose wrote such as “Picasso, His Life and Work” I feel took a good turn in his career as no one other than one of Picassos life long friends could write a book about his life and work.

I managed to find a blog that also have similar opinions about Roland Penrose and his career path. The blogger I feel is quite harsh at the beginning as it quotes “Roland Penrose was as bad an artist as his second wife lee miller was as great a photographer. Sure, there is nothing wrong with his work technically but it was all done by somebody else before him and better than him”. He was in no doubt talking about Pablo Picasso.

http://www.waterman.co.uk/artists/253-Roland-Penrose/biography/

http://www.leninimports.com/roland_penrose.html

http://www.biography.com/people/pablo-picasso-9440021

http://www.thevintageshowroom.com/blog/?p=3417

Lee miller and world war 2

The unfolding events would give her the excitement she has always been yet to discover. At this time in the war many bulding and status had been destroyed, creating amusing juxtapositions. She wanted to be a live photographer to capture what was happening, rather than taking oictures of the aftermath. Inorder to have access to live action she applied as a war correspondent. Lee miller transformed vogue magazine into the forefront of war journalism. She was described as “endlessly courageous” which reflects on her style of photographs.

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Lee Miller – Chosen Photographer

 

A user called “androidsinagony” uploaded the version of the Lee Miller’s documentary on Youtube. I found out a lot of useful information about her up bringing and how she went from a model for vogue to a war journalist.

THIS DOCUMENTARY VIDEO HAS 6 PARTS THIS IS ONLY THE FIRST PART, I’VE WATCHED IT ALL AND SELECTED WHAT I FEEL IS USEFUL.

Her nephew who was a sailor raped Lee miller when she was you. She caught gonorrhoea, which later made her strive for freedom. Miller had developed a reputation of being promiscuous and a rebellious young girl. She had a strong relationship with her father. Her father was a photographer and often took pictures of her nude. She longed to be loved on the outside world away from home. She wanted to find love as unconditional between her and her father.

 

After being a model for vogue she developed a desire of wanting to be on the other side of the camera. She wanted to be the person creating the magic of a photo but not being the magic in the photo. After gaining experience from man ray, she became bored of New York, she met a lover Aziz who was said to be her passport to a new life she desired. They lived in Egypt that was very different to New York, the dessert landscape in Cairo inspired her to begin to take photos again as she stopped taking photographs for a year. She had a unique eye for composition, she saw things in a different way as others would.

 

what caused ww2

1939.

I think everyone has a rough idea of who Hitler was and for me what he did to the Jewish people. From my general knowledge, Adolf Hitler ruled Germany during 1933-1945 and he was the main cause of the Second World War. I wanted to find out what triggered World War 2, as I’ve never really known the cause.

 

World war one caused damage and The Treaty of Versailles, four men representing England, Italy, France and the united stares, united in order to find a way Germany pays for the damage the war caused. With four men having different opinions and suggestions on how to approach the matter, the method of revenge had to be well thought of and negotiated. In 1919 they concluded with theses terms that where expected from Germany.

 

–       War Guilt Clause – Germany should accept the blame for starting World War One

–       Reparations – Germany had to pay £6,600 million for the damage caused by the war

–       Disarmament – Germany was only allowed to have a small army and six naval ships. No tanks, no air force and no submarines were allowed. The Rhineland area was to be de-militarised.

–       Territorial Clauses – Land was taken away from Germany and given to other countries. Anschluss (union with Austria) was forbidden.

 

Hitler became chancellor of Germany as he promised to ‘rip up’ the treaty of Versailles. I read up on this on this website to find out more about what caused World War 2. http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/causes.htm . Hitler knew that if he wanted to destroy the treaty of Versailles, he needed to make alliances. Hitler made pacts with both Italy and japan. Germanys army wasn’t strong during 1936, Hitler began with a slow and sneaky preparation for war whilst Britain and France where clueless of his plan to start a new war. By 1939 Hitler invaded Austria and Czechoslovakia. Britain and France were prepared to go to war against Germany if Hitler was to invade Poland.

 

In 1939 September 1st, Hitler invaded Poland.

Music – 1940s

 

Glenn Miller’s song was a great success and was released in 1940. Listening to this it seems like a happy time. Watching the ambience is joyful to watch. I came across a list of top hits from 1940 – 1949 on this website: http://www.euro200.net/Decade-1940.htm at the top I found Glenn Miller and Bing Crosby. ‘In the mood’ I feel is a great title choice as there are no lyrics in the song and it gets you in the mood to dance. I recognised the melody straight away when I heard it on this video, I didn’t think I would but this goes to show that after a whole century people can still familiarise themselves with music that dates like this one.

White Christmas is defiantly a very well known song. This isn’t as up beat as Glenn Miller ‘in the mood’. I feel its better this way as it sets a scene in our minds of a perfect white Christmas. Here I feel the lyrics make the song more than the tune. This is another song that I knew when watching the video and I also noticed that there was a version in colour. This was released during 1942 and still manages to put everyone in a Christmas spirit each and every year; it’s a classic I say!

Black Marketing

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Black markets came about after people managed to dodge having to follow the expected regulations of rationing. Sticking to the portion of food was hard, especially for large families the weekly amount of rations didn’t always stretch far enough. After reading this website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/59/a3914859.shtml.

Mr. A Morgan explains how his mother would trade some of their coupons to receive coupons or another item that their neighbor wanted to get rid of. He later on described in detail that a sweet coupon, which the children usually took responsibility of, would some times have to be sacrificed for a sugar coupon. This allowed families to stock up for jam making once had also stocked up on fruit.

 

Quite strangely this new system of trading, selling and buying sounded like a beneficial thing to be doing to me. I did some additional research to find the negative side to black marketing and understand why it illegal. I came across this website: http://plainshumanities.unl.edu/homefront/rationing?section=homefront which explains rationing in more areas than one, I discovered that after the war had ended there was a shortage of meat. Meat packers encouraged people into buying horsemeat instead of beef. Towards the last paragraph it is clear that the idea was frowned upon as the site quotes “great plains consumers rejected that idea as an unacceptable solution to their desire for meat”.

Image

Rationing?! Whats that?

I never even knew this went on until I started this researching. 20 million tons of food where imported by the UK which had to be rationed. I found out that rationing was introduced during immediate war by the UK government at the start of World War II (1939). Everyone has to resister at their chosen store and would then be provided with a ration book containing coupons. Without this you wouldn’t be able to purchase rationed items.
as shown on this diagram, Rationed groceries included
Bacon, butter, sugar, meat, tea, jam, biscuits, breakfast cereals, cheese, eggs, lard, milk and canned fruits.

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